Vijaya Phyto Farms Pvt.Ltd.
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Sweet Orange

Sweet Orange (Citrus sinensis) belonging to the family Rutaceae is the third largest fruit in India in terms of  production. It is the second largest Citrus fruit cultivated in the country and the major sweet orange growing states are Andhra Pradesh , Maharashtra, Karnataka, Punjab, Rajasthan and Haryana.

Soil and climate: Deep well drained loamy soils are the best for the cultivation of Citrus. pH of soil should be 6.5 to 7.5 and EC of water less than 1.0. A dry climate with about 50 – 75 cm of rainfall from June – September and with well defined summer and winter season is ideal. Comes up well in tropical zone below 500 m. Extremes of temperature are necessary.

Varieties: Mosambi, Sathukudi, Blood orange, Valencia, Jaffa, Hamlin and Pineapple.

Planting material: Budded plants. (Root Stock-Rangpur lime is best, now rough lemon is also preferred). Vijaya Phyto Farms Pvt. Ltd. produces ‘ready made’ (ready to bear plants) budded sweet orange planting material that are capable of producing commercial yield from II year of planting.

Season: July to September.

Spacing: 7m  x  7m  for normal plantations and 6 m x 3 m for high density plantations. Adopt high density planting for higher productivity.

Irrigation: Immediately after planting irrigate copiously. Irrigations may be given once in 10 days. Avoid water stagnation near the plant. Drip irrigation may be adopted for best results.

Manures and fertilizers: N to be applied in two doses during March and October.FYM, P2O5 and K2O are to be applied in October.

After cultivation: Remove water shoots, rootstock sprouts, dead and diseased shoots. Remove laterals up to 45 cm from ground level.

Plant protection: Sweet orange trees need protection from Leaf miner, Citrus root nematode,  citrus decline and Little leaf malady.

Harvest: Starts bearing from 5th year after planting.

Yield: 10 t/ha. High density plantation 25 tonnes/ha

List of references:
Handbook of Horticulture , Indian Council of Agricultural Research, Pusa, New Delhi, 2009, pages 109-399
Crop Production Techniques of Horticultural Crops, Directorate of Horticulture and Plantation Crops Chepauk, Chennai - 600 005 & Tamil Nadu Agricultural University Coimbatore - 641 003, 2004, pages 1-31
K. Manibhusan Rao, (1990) Textbook of Horticulture, Macmillan India Limited, New Delhi 110002 pages 248-258