Vijaya Phyto Farms Pvt.Ltd.
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Sapota

Sapota (Manilkhara achras) belongs to  Sapotaceae family it is a tropical fruit.
Soil and climate: It is a tropical crop and can be grown up to an altitude of 1000 m. and needs warm(100 – 380) and humid ( 70% RH) climate for year round fruiting. It can be  grown in all types of soils.

Varieties: Oval, Kalipatti.,Cricket Ball, Kirtibarti, Guthi, CO 1, CO 2, CO 3, PKM 1, PKM 2, PKM 3 and PKM 4.

Planting materials:  Grafted plants (Grafted on Manilkhara hexandra (Pala) rootstock)
Vijaya Phyto Farms Pvt. Ltd. produces ‘ready made’ (ready to bear plants) grafted sapota planting material that are capable of producing commercial yield from II year of planting.
Season of planting: June to December

Spacing: 8 -10 m x 8- 10 m spacing and pit size of 1 m x 1 m x 1 m. Adopt 6m x 3 m for high density planting
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Irrigation: Once in 10 days until establishment, at 30 days interval in wsinter and 15 days interval in summer. Drip irrigation in very useful.

Manures and fertilizers : Manures and fertilizers may be applied in September-October, 45 cm away from the trunk up to the leaf drip and incorporated.

After cultivation: Remove the rootstock sprouts, water shoots, criss-cross & lower branches.

Pests: Leaf webber, Hairy caterpillars and Bud worm.

Diseases: Sooty mould

Harvest: A mature fruit is dull brown in colour and the colour immediately below the skin when scratched is of lighter shade, while in the immature fruits it is green. The mature fruits are harvested by hand picking. Harvest

Season: February-June and September-October.

Yield: 20 t/ha/year. In high density plantation the yield is 25-30 tonnes/ha

List of references:
Handbook of Horticulture , Indian Council of Agricultural Research, Pusa, New Delhi, 2009, pages 109-399
Crop Production Techniques of Horticultural Crops, Directorate of Horticulture and Plantation Crops Chepauk, Chennai - 600 005 & Tamil Nadu Agricultural University Coimbatore - 641 003, 2004, pages 1-31
K. Manibhusan Rao, (1990) Textbook of Horticulture, Macmillan India Limited, New Delhi 110002 pages 248-258
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