Vijaya Phyto Farms Pvt.Ltd.
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Mango

Mango (Mangifera indica L.) belonging to Family Anacardiaceae is the most important commercially grown fruit crop of the country.  It is called the king of fruits. 
Agro climatic requirements: Mango is well adapted to tropical and sub-tropical climates. It can be grown commercially only in areas below 600 m. It cannot stand severe frost, especially when the tree is young. Mango can be grown best in regions with
a rainfall between 25-250 cm. /annum and dry season. The distribution of rainfall is more important than its amount. There should not be high humidity, rain or frost during flowering. The temperature between 240 and 270 is ideal for its cultivation. Regions having bright sunny days and moderate humidity during flowering are ideal for mango growing.

Soil: Loamy, alluvial, well drained, aerated and deep soils rich in organic matter with a pH range of 5.5 to 7.5 are ideal for mango cultivation.

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Varieties : India has the richest collection of mango cultivars. Of the various Cultivated Mango varieties Vijaya Phyto Farms Pvt.Ltd.has a 16 different mango cultivars to offer for growers to select from namely  Baneshan,  Himayat, Dashehari,  Alphonso, Kesari, Royal special, Tiyya mamidi,  Pedda rasam, Ratna, Manjeera, Baramasi, Sindhu,  Chinna rasam,  Jalal,  Amni and  Tellagulabi

Spacing: Spacing  7 to 10 m either way, for normal plantations and 6 m x 3 m for high density plantations .Adopt high density planting for higher productivity.

Pit size is 90cm x 90cm x 90 cm.  

Planting Material : Approach  or soft wood grafts. Vijaya Phyto Farms Pvt. Ltd. produces ‘ready made’ (ready to bear plants) grafted mango planting material that are capable of producing commercial yield from II year of planting.

Season of planting: Planting is usually done in the month of July-August in rainfed areas and during February-March in irrigated areas.  In case of heavy rainfall zones, planting is taken up at the end of rainy season.

Planting: Plant grafts in the centre of pit with ball of earth intact, water and stake. The graft union must be 15 cm above the ground level.

Irrigation : Regular watering till establishment. The method usually followed for irrigating mango plants is basin irrigation. However, use of Drip Irrigation not only to reduces the water requirements but also to helps in fertigation in root zones of the plants.

Manures and fertilizers: Manures and fertilizers may be applied during September – October, 45 – 90 cm away from the trunk up to the peripheral leaf drip and incorporated.

Intercropping: Short duration crops like legumes, vegetables, groundnut etc. can be raised during pre- bearing age. Fruits like papaya, banana can also be grown as an inter crop in the initial years of planting.

Pests: Mango is affected by the following pests namely Hopper, Leaf galls and
Aphids, Flower Webber, Nut Weevil, Mealy bug, Stem borer and Fruit fly. In order to
control these pests spraying of appropriate chemicals/insecticides have to be
undertaken preferably on preventive basis.

Diseases and Disorders:  The crop is susceptible to diseases like powdery mildew, anthracnose, die back, blight, red rust, sooty mould, etc.  In order to control these diseases spraying of appropriate chemicals/fungicides have to be undertaken preferably on preventive basis. Disorders can also affect the crop if proper case and control measures are not taken.  The major among these are malformation, biennial bearing, fruit drop, black tip, clustering etc.  The grower needs to seek advice and professional assistance to prevent/control diseases and disorders in the crop.

Harvest Season: March to June.

Harvesting  and Yield: The orchard starts bearing from second year onwards and the economic life of a mango tree exceeds 35 years. Yield varies with varieties and spacing adopted. On an average, the yield ranges from 5 to 9 t/acre Yield under high density plantation 25 tonnes / ha.



List of references:
Handbook of Horticulture , Indian Council of Agricultural Research, Pusa, New Delhi, 2009, pages 109-399
Crop Production Techniques of Horticultural Crops, Directorate of Horticulture and Plantation Crops Chepauk, Chennai - 600 005 & Tamil Nadu Agricultural University Coimbatore - 641 003, 2004, pages 1-31
K. Manibhusan Rao, (1990) Textbook of Horticulture, Macmillan India Limited, New Delhi 110002 pages 248-258
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