Vijaya Phyto Farms Pvt.Ltd.
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Guava

Guava (Psidium guajava) is a tropical fruit of  the  Myrtaceae family. It is a popular fruit available almost all through the year. It has high nutritive value.
Climate and Soil: Guava comes up well in tropical and subtropical regions up to 1500m above MSL. It can tolerate high temperatures and drought conditions but severe frost can affect the young plants.  A rainfall of 100cm/annum is sufficient.
Well drained soils are the best suited for growing guavas which can tolerate salinity and alkalinity. However Gypsum may be added to saline soils at the time of planting and 3 years after planting.

Varieties: Lucknow 49, Allahabad Safeda, Chittidar, Hafshi, Seedless, Apple colour, Arka Amulya, Arka Mridula, and Banaras.

Planting material: Layers, Air layers  budded plants and grafts. Vijaya Phyto Farms Pvt. Ltd. produces ‘ready made’ (ready to bear plants) grafted guava planting material that are capable of producing commercial yield from II year of planting
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Spacing: 5 - 6m either way. High density planting 6m x 3m
Pit size: 45 cm x 45 cm x 45 cm .
Irrigation: Guava is mostly grown as a rain fed  tree but responds well to watering. Irrigation is needed for survival after planting. Heavy irrigation is not needed and it is enough to make the soil moist near the root zone. Drip irrigation also gives good results.
.Manures and fertilizers: Guava grows well without any manure or fertilizer but gives better yield and quality fruits when manure and fertilizers are applied. The fertilizer application should be based on leaf nutrient status of the orchard wherever feasible..
Micronutrients may be sprayed for controlling bronzing of leaves.
Pests: Tea mosquito bug, Aphids, Mealy bugs and Fruit fly..
Diseases: Red rust
Harvest: Layers come to bearing in 2 - 3 years. Harvesting is done almost throughout the year . In mild climatic regions the peak harvest period is not so distinct.
Yield: 15 t/ha. High density plantation 25 tonnes / ha



List of references:
Handbook of Horticulture , Indian Council of Agricultural Research, Pusa, New Delhi, 2009, pages 109-399
Crop Production Techniques of Horticultural Crops, Directorate of Horticulture and Plantation Crops Chepauk, Chennai - 600 005 & Tamil Nadu Agricultural University Coimbatore - 641 003, 2004, pages 1-31
K. Manibhusan Rao, (1990) Textbook of Horticulture, Macmillan India Limited, New Delhi 110002 pages 248-258
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