Vijaya Phyto Farms Pvt.Ltd.
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Fig

Fig (Ficus carica) is one of fruits  in cultivation since ancient times. It belongs to the family Moraceae. It is a highly nutritious fruit  valued for its dietary and medicinal properties.

Climate and soil: Fig is a deciduous subtropical tree. It comes up well in arid or semi-arid areas having plenty of sunshine and moderate winter. The climatic conditions greatly influence the fruit quality. The size, shape, colour of the skin and pulp quality are markedly affected by climate. But quality figs are produced in the region with dry climate especially at the time of fruit development and maturity. High humidity coupled with low temperature usually results in fruit splitting and low fruit quality. Medium to heavy calcareous well drained,deep(about 1m)  soils having pH of7-8 are ideally suited for growing figs.

Varieties: Poona fig, Dinkar,Conardia, Mission Kadota, Brown Turkey Excel and Deanna.

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Planting Material:  Cuttings of about 25 cm in length having 3-6 nodes from the wood of previous season are  usually used .Tissue culture plants can also be used. Vijaya Phyto Farms Pvt. Ltd. produces ‘ready made’ (ready to bear plants) tissue culture Fig  planting material that are capable of producing commercial yield from 6th month of planting.

Spacing: As a single crop at 2.5-5m x 2.5-5m spacing (400-1600 plants/ha) or as an  intercrop  for 5 years in high density plantation (in between rows of main crop)  at 3m x 1.5m spacing to accommodate nearly 1100 trees/ha.. 

Pit size 60 cm x 60 cm x 60 cm.

Manures and Fertilizers: Nutrient requirements vary according to soil type. The annual requirement can be given in divided doses half after pruning and remaining after 2 months when the fruits are developing.

Irrigation: Fig can sustain heat and drought. However, for commercial production timely irrigation is necessary. Flood irrigation at an interval of 10-12 days during summer is ideal. However, if drip irrigation is adopted 15-20 litres of water/day/plant needs to be provided.

Training and Pruning: Fig trees are trained initially to a single stem and allowed to grow to a height of about 1m and then it is topped. Light pruning is practiced in Poona Fig after the monsoon is over i.e. in October.

Pests: The major pests of fig are stem borers, leaf defoliators and fig flies.

Diseases: Important disease of fig is rust.

Harvesting and Yield: Commercial harvesting starts from the third year. The yield ranges from 7-29 tonnes/ha .  When fig is grown as intercrop in high density plantation @ 1086 plants/ha the yield on average is 4 tonnes/ha



List of references:
Handbook of Horticulture , Indian Council of Agricultural Research, Pusa, New Delhi, 2009, pages 109-399
Crop Production Techniques of Horticultural Crops, Directorate of Horticulture and Plantation Crops Chepauk, Chennai - 600 005 & Tamil Nadu Agricultural University Coimbatore - 641 003, 2004, pages 1-31
K. Manibhusan Rao, (1990) Textbook of Horticulture, Macmillan India Limited, New Delhi 110002 pages 248-258
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