Vijaya Phyto Farms Pvt.Ltd.
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Custard apple

Custard apple (Annona squamosa ) ) is a delicious dry land fruit. The fruits are low in Saturated Fat, Cholesterol and Sodium and high in Vitamin C, Manganese, Iron and Potassium. Their nutritional value makes them ideal for maintaining optimum health.

Soil and climate: Custard apple is a tropical fruit and withstands heat and drought conditions. A high atmospheric humidity during flowering improves fruit set while continuous rain during fruit set is not desirable. Arable ,red ,sandy shallow soils slightly acidic in reaction are good for Custard apples It can grow well even in calcareous soils containing lime as high as 50% and in gravelly soils.

Varieties: Balanagar, Arka sahan, Barbados seedling, Kakarlapahad, British Guinea, Mahaboobnagar, Saharanpur local and Washington.

Planting material: Grafts and budded plants. Vijaya Phyto Farms Pvt. Ltd. produces ‘ready made’ (ready to bear plants) grafted custard apple planting material that are capable of producing commercial yield from II year of planting.


Spacing: Planting is done at 5m x 5m in pits of size 60cm x 60cm x 60cm to accommodate 400 plants/ha. For high density planting a spacing of 6m x 3m (540 plants/ha) is ideal

Irrigation: It is essential to irrigate plants during flowering and fruit development to achieve superior fruit quality (more edible pulp/segment).Drip irrigation is very useful.

Manures and fertilizers: It is uncommon to apply manures and fertilizers to custard apple but it shows good response to fertilization in terms of vigour, yield and quality. Fertilizer application can extend the longevity and check decline of trees.

Training and pruning: Training to a single stem when grafted or budded plants are grown. A little pruning is required to develop a good crown by timely removal of misplaced limbs to build a strong framework. It results in better yields over long period of time.

.Harvesting and yield: Trees start yielding from 3rd year. Single crop(4-5 pickings) in August to October in South India and September to November in North India.

Yield: 7 tonnes/ha. In high density planting the yield is 25 tonnes/ha.

List of references:
Handbook of Horticulture , Indian Council of Agricultural Research, Pusa, New Delhi, 2009, pages 109-399
Crop Production Techniques of Horticultural Crops, Directorate of Horticulture and Plantation Crops Chepauk, Chennai - 600 005 & Tamil Nadu Agricultural University Coimbatore - 641 003, 2004, pages 1-31
K. Manibhusan Rao, (1990) Textbook of Horticulture, Macmillan India Limited, New Delhi 110002 pages 248-258