Vijaya Phyto Farms Pvt.Ltd.
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Amla

Amla (Emblica officinalis ) is a sub tropical fruit belonging to  the family Euphorbiaceae.
Soil and climate: Amla is a subtropical plant and prefers dry climate. A hardy plant it can be
grown in variable soil conditions. Tolerates salinity and alkalinity.
Varieties: Banarasi, NA 7, Krishna, Kanchan, Chakaiya, BSR 1

Planting material: Seedlings, Grafts, Buddings. Vijaya Phyto Farms Pvt. Ltd. produces ‘ready made’ (ready to bear plants) grafted  Amla  planting material that are capable of producing commercial yield from II year of planting.
Spacing: 6 m x 6 m in pits of 1m x1m x 1m.For High density planting  6 m x3 m
Irrigation: Irrigate the plants initially for establishment. No irrigation is required during rainy and winter season. Drip irrigation is appropriate with a water saving of 40-45%.

Manures and fertilizers: The amount of manures and fertilizers to be applied depends on the soil fertility, age of the plant and production. Full dose of manure and 50% of the N,P and K should be applied during January-February and the remaining half during August. Sodic soils  may require  zinc and Boron application too.

Training and pruning: The trees should be encouraged to grow  as medium headed (main branches to appear at a height of 0.75-1 m above the ground level). Plants should be trained to modified central leader system. Two to four branches with wide crotch angle, appearing in the opposite directions should be encouraged in early years. During March – April prune and thin the crowded branches to provide maximum fruit bearing area in the tree. 4-6 branches should be allowed to develop in the subsequent years.

Pests: The major pests of Amla are Gall caterpillar and Bark eating caterpillar.

Diseases: Amla trees are affected by Rust.

Yield: 10 tonnes/ha (100 kg/tree annually) in South India

15-20 tonnes/ha (1-3 quintals/tree annually) in North India

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